Leaf Litter Toads
Leaf litter toads, belonging to the Bufonidae family, are captivating amphibians inhabiting a range of countries, including eastern Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, northwestern Venezuela (Serranía del Perijá), and northwestern Ecuador. These toads display an impressive altitude range, from sea level to elevations reaching 1,300 meters (approximately 4,300 feet). They are primarily nocturnal creatures and thrive in the lush settings of primary tropical moist forests and submontane humid forests, where they find refuge amidst the fallen leaves on the forest floor.
During their breeding seasons, leaf litter toads make their way to the banks of small streams and large rivers. Their distinctive ability to seamlessly blend into the leaf litter serves as both a defense mechanism against predators and a means to locate their favored prey. Speaking of diet, these toads have a particular fondness for ants, forming the primary component of their diet. This dietary preference plays a vital role in regulating ant populations, thereby contributing to the ecological equilibrium within their habitat. Leaf litter toads are known for their adaptability, thriving even in disturbed areas while maintaining a close association with forested regions. Breeding activities predominantly occur in rocky pools along the forest stream edges, underlining their essential role in preserving the health and balance of these unique ecosystems.