- Historic Period: 300 BCE – Ancient Greece
Meteorology officially began with Aristotle who wrote the term and defined it as the study of the weather. Of course, it is now known for this as well as all atmospheric phenomena. This means it began in Ancient Greece, but it would also be used heavily by the Chinese who expanded upon it. The oldest known work regarding weather studies can be traced back to the Egyptians in 3,500 BCE. Yet an official term and dedicated long-term study did not take place until 300 BCE when Aristotle wrote his thoughts on the field down in the interestingly named Meteorologica.