- Historic Period: 300 BCE – Ancient Greece
This might surprise a lot of people because we’re always discussing how anthropologists find things dating back to ancient times. Yet the ancient people also had an interest in the past, and that led to one. of the biggest scientific techniques used by ancient people. Paleontology was originally developed by ancient Greeks and Romans. For them, this mostly consisted of the study of fossils and their significance to the history of life. The oldest known written record on paleontology dates back to Greece in roughly 300 BCE. Yet it is likely that people studied these things long before and simply did not write them down or their recordings were lost to history.