Helped – Athens, Greece
- Timeline: 12th Century BCE to 600 AD
It should be noted that we’re discussing ancient Greece here. While some might assume we’d use Alexandria in this territory, this city happened to be more Egyptian than Greek. It was even the Egyptian Capital for years. That said, Athens was the place where so many major things began that we still use today. Things like democracy, philosophy, and much more. Yet they are also responsible for the first known use of streets, truss roofing, showers, as well as the first clock tower and alarm clock overall.
While it is true that the Greeks and even Romans, later on, relied on lead a bit too much, it was not enough to become a huge problem. Greece was able to do so much in Athens that some of the original buildings still stand today. Moreover, Athens also saw the rise of major technology we see used for construction projects worldwide. Things like the crane, winch, lever, gimbal, and even gears in general. This allowed them to make some of the major historic buildings and outdoor arenas we know from ancient times. Athens became a beacon of the ancient world due to all the major things they provided, which was really only possible due to their tech.