- Year of Death: 1934
- Experiment: Radiation Testing
- Cause of Death: Aplastic Anemia From Long-Term Radiation Exposure
Marie Curie and her husband Pierre are the very reason we truly know how radiation affects the human body. They were the first to discover the elements Radium and Polonium. They also coined the term “radioactivity” and found out that it could treat and kill cancerous tumors. The Curie family refused to patent this discovery in an effort to make sure people could get the treatment at a lower cost. Marie herself managed to do far more incredible research and development in the field after her husband’s passing. She even invented a mobile x-ray machine that would eventually be used in the military, and hospitals.
Curie won the Nobel Prize twice and was the first woman to ever win the Prize. She’s also the only woman to ever win it more than once. Yet the only person period to win the Prize in two different sciences. However, since Marie was one of the first to work with radiation and all that comes with it, she was also one of the first to suffer from its wrath. No protective gear had been invented beforehand to protect from radiation. Some came eventually but Marie had been exposed to much radiation in her life, it would not have done her any good. It was slow, but her killer science experiments in radiation ended her life.