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The Most Extreme Birds On The Planet
The striking horn on the bill of a hornbill is not its only unique feature. Roundglass Sustain.


Hornbills are a group of large, colorful birds found throughout Africa and Asia. They are known for their striking appearance, with long, curved bills that are often brightly colored or patterned. Something truly unique the hornbills boast is their nesting behavior. Female hornbills build their nests inside tree cavities, using mud and their own feces to seal the entrance shut. Once the nest is complete, the female enters the cavity and begins to molt, shedding all of her flight feathers. She then spends the next several months incubating her eggs and raising her chicks entirely inside the sealed nest. The male hornbill will bring her food and regurgitate it through a small opening in the mud seal. Once the chicks are ready to fledge, the female will break through the mud seal, and the family will emerge from the nest. This remarkable nesting behavior is thought to provide the chicks with protection from predators, as well as a stable microclimate inside the sealed nest.

The Most Extreme Birds On The Planet
The bee hummingbird is the smallest bird in the world. Quora.

Bee Hummingbird

The bee hummingbird is one of the most amazing and unique birds in the world, and is truly a marvel of nature. Weighing in at less than 2 grams, it is not only the smallest bird in the world, but also the smallest warm-blooded vertebrate on Earth. Despite its tiny size, the bee hummingbird has a metabolism that is ten times faster than that of a human, and can flap its wings up to 80 times per second, making it the fastest wing-beating bird in the world. Its aerial acrobatics are truly breathtaking, and it is able to hover in mid-air and fly forwards, backwards, and even upside down. But perhaps most amazing of all is the bee hummingbird’s ability to survive in a harsh environment where food is scarce, by slowing down its metabolism to conserve energy and entering a state of torpor at night.

The Most Extreme Birds On The Planet
The Nicobar pigeon is found on a group of islands in the Indian Ocean. Reddit.

Nicobar Pigeon

Oftentimes, the word “pigeon” is synonymous with a bland, run-of-the-mill bird. This is not the case with a Nicobar pigeon. Nicobar Pigeons are one of the most stunning and unique birds in the world, with a striking appearance that makes them instantly recognizable. These birds are found only on the Nicobar Islands, a group of islands in the Indian Ocean, and are known for their iridescent feathers, bright orange eyes, and long, elegant tail feathers. Nicobar Pigeons can seamlessly navigate over vast distances using the earth’s magnetic field. It’s almost otherworldly. Recent studies have shown that these birds are able to detect and interpret the magnetic fields of the earth, allowing them to navigate accurately even in the absence of visual cues. This seemingly supernatural ability is thought to be critical to the survival of Nicobar Pigeons, as they must travel long distances between their breeding and feeding grounds.

The Most Extreme Birds On The Planet
The Andean Condor is among some of the largest birds in the world. Culture Trip.

Andean Condor

The Andean condor is unforgettable. With a wingspan of up to 10 feet, it is one of the largest flying birds in the world. Not only is it impressive in size, but the Andean condor is also known for its incredible ability to soar effortlessly through the air, utilizing thermal updrafts to reach altitudes of up to 15,000 feet. What’s more, the Andean condor is one of the longest-lived birds in the world, with a lifespan of up to 75 years in captivity. One of the most remarkable, albeit unsettling, of all its abilities is the Andean condor’s unique ability to detect carrion from great distances. It uses its acute sense of smell to locate food that may be hidden from sight. This scavenger is also an integral part of the Andean culture, as it is a sacred symbol in the Andean mythology and is often depicted in the art of the region.

The Most Extreme Birds On The Planet
The Wandering Albatross boasts the largest wingspan in the world. The Birds World.

Wandering Albatross

The wandering albatross is a truly remarkable bird with a wingspan of up to 11 feet, making it the largest bird in the world. With its incredible ability to soar effortlessly through the air for weeks at a time, the wandering albatross can cover vast distances without ever flapping its wings. Its impressive sense of smell helps it locate prey in the open ocean, and some individuals can live for over 50 years, circling the globe multiple times during their lifetime. However, the wandering albatross is also threatened by human activities, underscoring the importance of conservation efforts to protect these magnificent birds and preserve the wonder and diversity of our planet’s ecosystems.