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40 Ancient Greek Technology And Concepts Still Used Today
Tower of the Winds [Image via Greece.com]

11. Clock Towers

  • Time of Invention: 200 B.C. to 50 A.D.

The original clock tower was actually invented for the Tower of the Winds, which was located in Athens, Greece. It featured an impressive eight sundials outside. Inside the Tower, there was also an early version of the water clock to help track time. It was driven by the water that came down from the Acropolis of Athens.

40 Ancient Greek Technology And Concepts Still Used Today
[Image via saiko3p/Shutterstock]
Of course, this Acropolis was simply a very high point in the area, it was also known for things like the Parthenon. This area also had a waterfall, giving us the ability to see the water clock inside the Tower. In any case, the Tower of the Winds had a lot of firsts. Thus, it should not shock anyone that they were the first to have a clock tower too.

40 Ancient Greek Technology And Concepts Still Used Today
Greek Fire Explosion [Image via Home Box Office, Inc.]

10. Greek Fire

  • Time of Invention: 672 A.D.

Greek Fire began obviously in Greece. We know, you’re shocked! It was made from Sulfur, Petroleum, and a Bitumen-based mixture. Of course, fire overall had been used in weapon form for centuries before Greek Fire was invented. What really made Greek Fire stand out was how impressively it spread and that it was much harder to put out.

40 Ancient Greek Technology And Concepts Still Used Today
[Image via Stmuhistorymedia]
The stuff even floated on the water, making it nearly impossible to put in any traditional form. It was often used to burn down ships as a result. Water ignited earlier versions of Greek Fire. This is why many believe it had things like naphtha and quicklime in it. This was used for the first time when Greeks invaded Constantinople and was a major fixture for the Byzantine Empire in several military ventures.

40 Ancient Greek Technology And Concepts Still Used Today
Modern Flamethrower In Use [Image via ICRC.org]

9. Flamethrower

  • Time of Invention: 431 B.C. to 690 A.D.

Greek Fire had a huge influence and it became a staple in Greek militaries for years to come. However, there was a need to use it even more effectively. This was when the flamethrower came into play in a major way. However, it’s believed that the first known use of a flamethrower occurred during the Peloponnesian War. This was a Greek war fought among the Athenians and Spartans.

40 Ancient Greek Technology And Concepts Still Used Today
[Image via hlopex/Shutterstock]
It was used to destroy walls built by the Athenians during the Battle of Delium. Later on, the Byzantine Empire used the flamethrower we modern versions are based on. They sprayed Greek Fire on ships using one made from a siphon-hose and piston. Simply by using a match, they could light the liquid Greek Fire as it was ejected from the device. They mostly used it during naval battles.

40 Ancient Greek Technology And Concepts Still Used Today
Early Grenade [Image via Wikipedia Commons]

8. Grenades

  • Time of Invention: 717 to 741 A.D.

Yet again, Greek Fire makes itself known as a huge asset. Early versions of the grenade used Greek Fire that the Byzantine Empire was famous for. The very same empire would invent the early grenade during the reign of Leo III. Byzantine soldiers realized that Greek Fire could easily be added into various areas, including the flamethrower. All you needed to do was simply light it as it came out.

40 Ancient Greek Technology And Concepts Still Used Today
[Image via Ripleys]
Stone and Ceramic were free of any fire problems, so soldiers could easily carry Greek Fire in these before lighting it. This gave them the idea that they could light and then throw a stone and/or ceramic jar at people or objects. As they broke, the now lite liquid would burst out everywhere and burn down buildings or burn people alive. Glass was then used later on to do the same thing.

40 Ancient Greek Technology And Concepts Still Used Today
The Antikythera Mechanism [Image via Vox.com]

7. Computers

  • Time of Invention: 323 to 60 B.C.

While the Greeks did not invent computers the way we know them today, they did technically invent the first analog computer. One of the biggest unsung inventions from ancient Greek technology is the Antikythera mechanism. This was used to predict astrological events, such as eclipses. It was useful in helping form calendars too.

40 Ancient Greek Technology And Concepts Still Used Today
[Image via Washingtonpost]
The mechanism was especially useful in helping to keep track of years, which was very useful for the original Olympic Games called the Olympiad. It could track the 4-year cycle properly, without fail. This allowed Greeks to know exactly when, by the day, that certain events took place. Since the Antikythera mechanism did not fail to operate, it worked as surely as the computer too.

40 Ancient Greek Technology And Concepts Still Used Today
Ancient Ship Anchor [Image via Monte Carlo Daily Photo]

6. Anchors

  • Time of Invention: 500 to 400 B.C.

After primitive anchors were used in preventing small boats from moving when not in use, eventually true anchors were made. These were, to the shock of no one, ancient Greek technology.

40 Ancient Greek Technology And Concepts Still Used Today
[Image via Hbswk.hbs.edu]
The earliest that the Greeks invented was made of baskets filled with stone, large sacks filled with sand, and even wooden logs filled with things like lead of the time. Some Athenian places simply used wood or anchors that could simply hold the sea vessel by its weight, along with certain anchors that used friction along the bottom.

40 Ancient Greek Technology And Concepts Still Used Today
Opium Poppy Plants Blooming [Image via Tristan Martin]

5. Opiates & Anesthesia

  • Time of Invention: 3500 to 2500 B.C.

It’s actually quite funny that the Greeks invented two forms of the same thing, both connected to opiates. Both were often used to help people during surgical procedures or to help as a sedative. This worked similarly to modern anesthesia. The first form of this was that a person might be knocked out by some ancient Greek technology made specifically for this.

40 Ancient Greek Technology And Concepts Still Used Today
[Image via Sacredearth]
Due to that causing issues, people eventually began using the opium plant. Opium was misunderstood for hundreds of years and led to the creation of things we see today like morphine, heroin, and fentanyl. It seems that the first use of the plant for healing, sleep, or any medical purpose happened in Ancient Mesopotamia. Once they were discovered to help, ancient people used them for multiple purposes. However, the most common use was as a sedative for more than a few thousand years.

40 Ancient Greek Technology And Concepts Still Used Today
The Alcántara Bridge [Image via Wikipedia Commons]

4. Arch Bridge

  • Time of Invention: 2000 to 1300 B.C.

That’s right, the classic arch bridge is an ancient Greek technology invented centuries ago. A lot of people give credit to the later Romans for this, but they weren’t the first. There are two bridges that still stand today called the Mycenaean Arkadiko Bridge that dates back to 1300 B.C. & the Rhodes Footbridge from the 4th Century B.C. Both are in Greece and used by locals even today.

40 Ancient Greek Technology And Concepts Still Used Today
[Image via Trailsbeyond]
Romans did not invent their first bridges until the 1st Century A.D. which proves the Arch Bridge came into play well before the Greco-Roman Era. It is likely that other Arch Bridges were in Greece hundreds of years before the two mentioned above. However, they very well could have been destroyed. This is why many date back the Arch Bridge even to the second millennium B.C.

40 Ancient Greek Technology And Concepts Still Used Today
Truss Roofing System [Image via Pinterest]

3. Trusses & Truss Roofing

  • Time of Invention: 3000 to 2000 B.C.

The Truss Roof is often where most ancient buildings get their roofing concepts. This is also a staple in things like barns to this day across the world. A truss is merely the assembly of beams or other element types that can create a rigid structure. Engineers describe it as something that consists of two-force members where both are organized so that the assembled parts behave like one.

40 Ancient Greek Technology And Concepts Still Used Today
[Image via Connect2local]
Most of the major temples such as the Temples of Hera & Heracles use this concept. The rest use another roof type that Greeks invented, the Prop-and-Lintel. The Romans exclusively used the Truss Roof concept in their temples later on. These were commonplace because simply put, they worked. Trusses are brilliant forms of ancient Greek technology, which are still used in buildings worldwide today.

40 Ancient Greek Technology And Concepts Still Used Today
Lighthouse of Alexandria [Image via Ubisoft]

2. The Lighthouse

  • Time of Invention: 280 to 247 B.C.

A lighthouse is used as a way to tell ships they are getting close to land. This was invented due to ships crashing into shores during foggy or night periods. In either form, a light can be seen from far off distances and it will act as a warning sign to help them avoid things like this. Possibly the most prominent lighthouse in ancient times was the version in the city of Alexandria.

40 Ancient Greek Technology And Concepts Still Used Today
[Image via Thedetailedhistory]
This build by the Ptolemaic Kingdom period during the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus. He was the son Ptolemy I Soter, a former Greek General who served under Alexander the Great until his passing. This ancient Greek technology was the tallest structure in the world and remained such for centuries. It stood until three earthquakes eventually destroyed it from 956 to 1323 A.D.

40 Ancient Greek Technology And Concepts Still Used Today
Ancient Greek Streets [Image via Britannica]

1. Streets

  • Time of Invention: 500 to 400 B.C.

Streets were originally invented by the Greeks and act very much like ancient Greek technology. They were formed to assist the Greeks in moving their army. Roads of any kind were pretty much nonexistent, so having some system of opening paths that could move people and equipment easier was common sense. That led to the Greeks pursuing the project.

40 Ancient Greek Technology And Concepts Still Used Today
[Image via Wix]
This was so successful for the Greeks that they felt it could also work for their towns or cities. The original streets for the Greek Armed Forces are said to have been made in the fourth or fifth century B.C. Yet the use of streets in cities would not come until later in the fourth or third century B.C. period. The Porta Rosa is the first major street known and it dates back to that exact time period.

 

Sources: [HellenicWorld.com, History.com, HistoryExtra.com, Ancient.Eu, Britannica.com, Thought.co, Unmuseum.org, AmericanAddictionCenters.org, LiveScience.com, VOX.com, TheVerge.com, Smithsonian Magazine]

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