Other than the rock squirrel, it would help if you also kept an eye out for the pink rattlesnake. It is one of the six rattlesnake species that live in the area, as well as the park. The pink color of its scales makes it hard to see, especially against the color of the area’s rocks. Listen out for a rattling sound: this is their warning to step away from them. If you hear it, move away from the noise and watch from a distance to see if the snake moves away.
If you do happen to see one, it’s best to leave it alone, back away, and head in another direction. The majority of rattlesnake bites occur when someone tries to pick one up. On the off-chance that you do get bitten, then you should seek medical attention immediately, as all rattlesnakes are highly venomous.
The Grand Canyon is pretty old, so you would think that as the layers of rock are exposed along the canyon walls, they would gradually get older and older. However, that isn’t the case. Scientists have discovered a phenomenon they’re called the “Great Unconformity.” They’ve found rocks that are 250 million years old lying right next to stones that are 1.2 billion years old. That doesn’t make any sense, and they have no idea how this could have happened.
John Wesley Powell observed the Grand Canyon’s unconformity earning it the name “Powell’s Unconformity.” It was first noticed 12 years earlier by a man called John Newberry. The Civil War interrupted his work, which is why Newberry’s work isn’t as well known. A landmass’s submergence marks this unconformity. A shallow sea ended up eroding the Precambrian rocks, exposing them to weathering over time.
Because of these discrepancies, no one knows how old the Grand Canyon is. Many believe that it is only 6 million years old, but evidence shows that it began to form at least 70 million years ago. Also, as stated before, there is the presence of rocks that date back as far as billions of years ago. The most popular theory is that the Grand Canyon started as several smaller canyons that eventually grew into each other.
The water eroded the rocks through the constant flows and ebbs of rivers, making them deeper and wider over time. Although this process started tens of millions of years ago, the Grand Canyon only started taking shape recently after so many years of erosion. It’s pretty challenging to say just how old the Grand Canyon is.
The Grand Canyon is known for being pretty deep and very long. However, it’s not all that wide. At its widest point, it’s about eighteen miles from one side to the next; its most narrow point is about 600 yards across. On average, it ranges to about 10 miles across in most locations. So although the Grand Canyon is quite big, it’s not the widest canyon in the world. That title belongs to the Capertee Valley in Australia.
In 2013, a daredevil did a tightrope walk across the Grand Canyon, walking the length of 1,400 feet. Nik Wallenda was 1,500 feet above the Colorado River, and it took him about 22 minutes to cross the whole thing. He had to stop a few times when the winds picked up and caused the rope to shake, but he maintained his composure and crossed the whole thing eventually.
With how famous the Grand Canyon National Park is and how many visitors it receives each year, you would think it would be a virtual plethora of hiking activities for the regular outdoors-person. However, more people have successfully walked on the moon than have completed a continuous hike of the Grand Canyon’s entire length. Granted, it is 277 miles long, but you would think someone would have accomplished it by now. The main reasons for that are that the area gets so hot that it can become unbearable to traverse. Also, the fact that 90% of the canyon doesn’t have any trails.
One pair of men managed to hike the entire Grand Canyon in 71 days. They had to endure all kinds of weather, blisters, and one of the men suffered from hyponatremia (sodium levels in the blood are too low). The reason the men made this trip was to showcase the beautiful wonders of the canyon. They also wanted to raise awareness of the effect of tourism on the canyon.
With the Colorado River running through it, one would think that it would be a prime fishing spot. However, the very nature of the river has been very challenging for any fish to thrive here. There is always flooding, the temperatures are still fluctuating wildly, and the water is filled with much debris. With that said, there are only eight different fish species that call the river home, and six of them are found in the depths of the river where it’s hard to fish.
There are several fish you can find in the Colorado River. These include channel catfish, rainbow trout, redear sunfish, bluegill, small/largemouth bass, and striped bass. Largemouth bass fishing usually takes place between March and June, when spawning is at its highest. Nevertheless, if you’re interested in winter fishing, the rainbow trout is most active from October to March.
The Grand Canyon is something that has been revered for decades because of how majestic it is. However, that wasn’t always the case. It wasn’t always a national park, nor was it protected. It took six attempts before the Senate agreed to make it a national park. The canyon was first proposed in a bill by Benjamin Harrison. However, it didn’t become an Act until thirty-six years later, when President Woodrow Wilson signed it.
It’s a good thing these protections are now in place. Many companies have considered mining uranium within the canyon. That can lead to the poisoning of the rivers and reduce the habitat of the animals that live there. Without being named a national park, the Grand Canyon may have looked very different from what we’re used to seeing today.
Almost every national park urges you to leave nothing behind but your footsteps and to only take photos. That is because they don’t want you taking anything from the land as a souvenir to take home. However, those stakes are serious when it comes to the Grand Canyon National Park. There are stories of those who have taken from the park and ended up being haunted. Those who run it have received letters and returned objects from those who ran into extreme cases of bad luck and illnesses after taking something from the park.
One such story pertains to a man in 1879 who offered aid to a woman by sharing his supplies. In return, she gave him the gift of a blanket but warned of its troubled past. The man wasn’t particularly superstitious. However, he did suffer from hundreds of harmful incidents during the two years he had the blanket. They all mysteriously stopped once he lost the blanket.
Many people think that because the Grand Canyon is so old, there should be fossils of dinosaurs strewn. Be prepared to be disappointed. There isn’t to say that there aren’t any fossils; there are fossils of marine animals from 1.2 billion years ago, as well as some of the land mammals as recent as 10,000 years ago. Maybe not as impressive as an actual dinosaur, but these fossils are still really cool.
There are so many fossils within the Grand Canyon that it contains 32% of the Earth’s geological history. The most common fossil you may find is that of the trilobite. When you do find a fossil, leave it where it is. It is illegal to dig up, move, or remove fossils within the Grand Canyon National Park. Leave it where it is so that future visitors to the park can see them for themselves.
Within the Grand Canyon, there are rumored to be at least 1,000 caves. Only 335 of them have been documented, and there are even fewer have been mapped, explored, or inventoried. That leaves a lot of the Grand Canyon unexplored and undocumented. Today, there is only one cave that is open for visitors to explore, called the Cave of Domes on Horseshoe Mesa. Expect there to be many crowds visiting this single cave.
Many of the caves and caverns are available for exploration through guided tours. Some of them can be traveled by foot, while others require boats to traverse the underground waters that run through them. It is not advised that you try to explore these caves on your own, as it’s effortless to get lost inside one of them. Always sign up for guided tours instead, as they will keep you safe, and you’ll learn some interesting facts about the caves along the way.
If you’re feeling adventurous and are willing to spend the money, you can feel like you’re living in a cave by booking The Cavern Suite. That is a wooden platform in the Cave of Domes’ largest “room.” It is equipped with two queen-sized beds and has a 70-foot high vaulted ceiling. It’s $800 a night, so that’s not something you can just book on a whimsy. However, the price does come with a suite attendant who will deliver food to you and get you anything else that you need. Please keep in mind that there are guided tours throughout the cavern as well, so your stay might be interrupted.
However, who could pass up wanting to stay in a cavern surrounded by walls that are at least 65 million years old? The constant cool temperature means that you won’t have to pack any unique clothing since there are no fluctuations. It would be a good idea to bring clothes that are a little warmer, though, just so you’re comfortable.
Do you know what happened around the turn of the century in the 1900s? The Grand Canyon became the center of a fake news story in “The Arizona Gazette.” The story focused on some archaeological finds of a beautiful discovery that no one would believe. Furthermore, no one should have. The newspaper reported findings of ancient Tibetan and Egyptian civilizations located in an underground tunnel within the canyon. Of course, there was no way that this could be true, but conspiracy theorists believe to this day that it’s all a government coverup.
The story goes that two archaeologists supposedly working for the Smithsonian, Prof. S. A. Jordan and G.E. Kinkaid, found these supposed artifacts. However, the Smithsonian has stated that there has never been a Prof. S. A. Jordan or G.E. Kinkaid who worked in their Anthropology department. Also, no artifacts were recovered, nor were any pictures taken of the site. Leaving the story in the Arizona Gazette is the only proof that is not very convincing.
Even after it took so long for the Grand Canyon to be named a national park, it wasn’t until 1979 that other areas of the world indeed recognized it. It was deemed a World Heritage Site by UNESCO (The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization). For this, it receives special protection and is recognized by the rest of the world as a significant site. It was called “the most spectacular gorge in the world.”
It is crucial because of the many wonders it holds. Not only is it so large, but it has some of the oldest exposed rock in the world. That has given geologists the evidence they need to study the planet’s history and what may have happened in that region millions of years ago. They can travel on the Trail of Time for tourists, which is an exhibit located on the South Rim.
You’ve probably heard of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World, and they have changed since you probably last read the list of sites. So, if you ever have a trivia game coming up, make sure you brush up on the beautiful places around the globe. The Grand Canyon is now one of them due to its natural attractions and its history.
The other locations to make the list include the Great Barrier Reef, Paricutin in Mexico, Mount Everest, and Victoria Falls, just to name a few. Have you ever been to any of these enchanting places before? Chances are good that traveling to the Grand Canyon is probably the easiest and most affordable to check off your travel buck list. That is, if you are already located in the United States.
Before it was first explored in 1869, this canyon had a plethora of names it was called by. However, the majority of people who visited called it the Grand Canyon. It was only after it had been explored and named that it received protection from President Teddy Roosevelt, which helped it gain tourist attraction worldwide. Roosevelt even stated that there was no need to improve it in any way, as it was already marvelous the way it was.
Teddy Roosevelt was known for his conservation efforts, creating plenty of national parks across the country. He was the first president to dedicate his energy to preserving and conserving its natural and cultural history, especially during a time of great development and expansion. Congress even fought against Roosevelt’s efforts to protect the Grand Canyon, but he used his executive power to name it a national monument.
The Grand Canyon is one of the first places where tourist and vacation photos were taken. Without cellphones, other people had to take pictures of the tourists who came to visit. To say that this became a big money-making venture is an understatement. Furthermore, one pair of brothers saw it fit to capitalize on the opportunity. The Kolb Brothers were some of the first people to start the photo business here. They would take photos of tourists as they took rides on mules down the canyon and would then sell these photos to them before they left the park.
The brothers also filmed their own navigation of the Colorado and Green Rivers, which was shown within the National Park for decades until Emery Kolb died in 1976. Many of their documentations and films are shown in other documentaries. Authors discuss them in books such as “The Brave Ones,” a book containing the brothers’ letters and journals.
Because the Kolb Brothers gained much notoriety and money from their photos, they remained in the area. They even started their own photo business and remained in the Grand Canyon Village to this day. They have a studio there where they worked on various projects. It may have seemed extreme at the time, especially the breathtaking subject matter. However, over time, it only makes sense that someone should invest in the photography of the majestic Grand Canyon.
The brothers’ photographs are still shared to this day. They are even used in other media forms when the Grand Canyon is the primary topic of conversation. Because of their avid interests, other photographers and filmmakers got into the business of documenting the Grand Canyon as well, such as Bill Belknap and George Clark.
Scientists have said that the Grand Canyon contains about 40% of the planet’s history. Examination and studying of the rock formation have revealed that rocks are dating back as far as 1.75 billion years ago, almost half of the planet’s age. Understanding the language of these rocks will tell us just what was taking place on Earth at that time and would help uncover a lot of the history that was taking place then.
There aren’t very many places on Earth that can boast this kind of geological history that’s easy to see with one’s own eyes. Although it would take a skilled hand and expert eye to decipher the different parts of the Grand Canyon, it’s easy for anyone to see how deeply historical its features are. Keep reading to discover more amazing facts about the Grandy Canyon.
Before technology, if you wanted to get a view of the canyon from above, you’d have to rent a helicopter for a costly ride. Now, technology has made that more accessible and a little cheaper for tourists. The Skywalk is a horseshoe-shaped steel frame with a see-through glass floor, suspended 70 feet above the ground. The Hualapai Tribe maintains it since the Skywalk resides on their lands. Since it’s construction, it has become one of the most famous attractions of the Grand Canyon.
The Skywalk Bridge cost $30 million to construct since it took 100 million pounds of steel to erect. It was a partnership between the Hualapai Tribe and David Jin, a Chinese-American businessman. The Skywalk aimed to give visitors the perspective of being an eagle soaring effortlessly over the Grand Canyon and seeing all of the wonders that it held. It is a marvel of form and function existing with nature.
Because there are many caverns in the Grand Canyon, it is home to many bats. Moreover, because bats eat such a rich diet of insects, their guano is prized as being an excellent fertilizer for plants. So much that in the late 1950s, miners tried to extract it. In fact, they tried to get at least 1,000 tons of bat guano out of a single cave. They wanted to sell it to farmers and gardeners. It probably would have made them much money if they’d been successful.
Unfortunately, the venture failed. There are remnants of the mine remaining in Grand Canyon West, including the terminus of a tram. No one has tried to monopolize the guano business since, but that’s probably for the best. That could have resulted in more devastation of the Grand Canyon’s natural habitat.
It’s not unheard of for people to sprinkle the ashes of a loved one in an important place that can be visited in the future. The Grand Canyon is no different; it allows people to spread ashes as long as specific rules are observed. Human ashes can be scattered within the National Park as long as it is away from any roads, campgrounds, or buildings. That means that you’re going to have to go off-road to spread the ashes of your loved one.
Another rule is that the ashes cannot have any teeth, bone fragments, or recognizable remnants within them. That is likely to minimize tourists and hikers finding the remains and notifying the authorities. Visitors cannot place markers where ashes have been sprinkled to keep the Grand Canyon as pristine as possible.
The Grand Canyon has its own Grand Canyon Pioneer Cemetery. However, only an elite few are allowed to be buried there, so there’s no point in trying to buy out a lot or wait for a burial reservation. The rules state a person must have worked in the park for at least three years to be buried there. Also, they must have made a significant contribution to the appreciation or understanding of the canyon itself.
Some of the people buried there are pioneers, administrators of the national park, and the Grand Canyon Village residents. John Hance, believed to be the first non-Native American resident of the Grand Canyon, was the first person buried there. The unidentified victims of the 1856 plane crash are also buried there. The cemetery is closed to new burials, but it is still open to visitors.
Because people live in the park, it is the only national park in the country with its K-12 school district. It is now known as the Grand Canyon Unified District. The first elementary school was established in 1911. A loan provided the building, which was located south of the Bright Angel Trail’s present head. The country circuit judge back then even acted as a superintendent for some time.
A few years later, lumber and labor were provided to build another school building that included a classroom and quarters for the teacher. The following year, the school opened with a total of twenty-nine students. A third building was added, using county funds, in 1916, and the location of the building was determined by the proximity to water and sewer lines. Today, the school district now serves up to 300 students every year.
Near the North Rim, there is a small guardhouse that is kept unlocked during the winter. That is because the park doesn’t close during the winter, allowing visitors and hikers to traverse the trails if they so wish. The guardhouse is stocked with food and water for those who need emergency shelter. That’s very thoughtful of the people who work within the park.
Otherwise, there is a skeleton crew living at the North Rim during the winter months. When the snow falls, the residents move their cars down to Jacob Lake. However, then how do they get around when they need to? The answer is snowmobiles. They can go pretty fast through the snow, allowing the park workers to get to where they need to go.
You wouldn’t think that a gorge would be prone to lightning strikes, but don’t forget that the canyon is above sea-level. In a given year, the Grand Canyon can have as many as 25,000 lightning strikes within it. Visitors and tourists are presented with warnings throughout the year. Those who choose to see the canyon for themselves need to follow them. Some include checking the weather forecasts before hiking.
It’s a good idea to know where the emergency phones are along the trails. Take note of where the closest buildings and vehicles are for people to seek shelter. If your hair suddenly stands on end, then there is a lightning strike coming. One should avoid open areas immediately and seek shelter away from lone trees, poles, railings, and bodies of water. If there is no shelter close by, look for lower ground that is not near water. Go into a crouched position in an open area. Have the feet of your heels touching and your hands over your ears with your head down.
You Have to Get a Permit to Float on the Colorado River
Many people think that because it’s in a national park, they can go to the river whenever they want and bring a floating ring. Nevertheless, that is not the case. One option is to reserve a commercial rafting trip, but you have to wait at least a month or so for an opening. People usually take this as an incentive to skip the wait, but they could end up with very hefty fines.
Private rafting permits are the second option, and they are not easy to obtain either. They are issued based on a weighted lottery. Some people may wait as long as five years before they can even get a permit. That is because the park authorities only allow about 503 launches onto the Colorado River every year. That sounds like a lot, but when you consider the number of people who visit the park every year, that is a small handful of people.
Although the canyon can be quite beautiful and tempting, it shouldn’t be an invitation for anyone and everyone to consider hiking it. Only the fittest and experienced people should attempt it, and even then, they could end up being in big trouble. The park nationals’ most significant problem is that hikers never bring enough water on their hiking trip. Most people aren’t aware of the 20-degree temperature difference between the top of the canyon and the bottom.
In fact, as many as 250 people have to be rescued within the canyon every year, either because they didn’t bring enough water or they wore the wrong footgear to hike in. It takes much effort to get back up to the top, almost twice as much as going down, so it shouldn’t be attempted by those who aren’t fit for strenuous exercises.
One would think that government itself wouldn’t get basic facts wrong. Think again. In 1999, stamps were released bearing the image of the Grand Canyon. So what was the huge problem? Why did they have to be destroyed? It turns out that the 100 million stamps said that the Grand Canyon was in Colorado instead of Arizona, where it is located.
Thankfully, they were reprinted, but not without another hiccup. The image used on the stamp has been flipped, meaning that it was a mirror image of the canyon’s realistic view. However, there was no plan to recall or destroy these stamps, so they went out into circulation. To think if they had just faxed the stamp’s image to the photographer who took the picture, he could have corrected the problem.