Researchers and Their Findings on Colors
The researchers working with the Astronomical Institute of the Academy of Sciences began studying meteor shower colors in the year 2008. They checked out the Geminid showers, which took place between 2004 and 2006. These meteors were observed through video cameras. They then applied a spectroscopy procedure, which looked at how these materials interact with light or if they emit light. The result showed that some burning rocks were rich in magnesium, iron, and sodium. They found that there were traces of calcium and silicon in August’s Perseids, as well.
As the meteor speeds through the atmosphere, it compresses the air cushion. That “air pillow” then gets squeezed so hard that it heats up. When molecules start to absorb enough energy, they might become excited in the physical sense. Later, they will begin releasing photons, or packets of light. The more power there is, the more energetic the light will be. Higher energized photons will emit light with higher frequency, also stated as higher wavelength. Purple light happens to possess a higher rate than red. Then you have UV lights with a higher frequency than infrared.