**Mathematics**

**Year(s) Officially Discovered:***Roughly 3000-1800 BCE, Others Between 500 to 50 BCE, & 16th Century AD***Discovery Put Into Action:***Immediately, Since Its Discovery***Team/Person Behind The Discovery:***Euclid of Alexandria, Archimedes, Isaac Newton, Pythagoras, The Maya*

The organized, agreed-upon form of Mathematics was discovered around 3,000 B.C. in the Mesopotamian states of Sumer, Akkad, and infamous Assyria. They along with Ancient Egyptians began using basic math such as adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing. This was clearly efficient, as it was at helping them keep track of supplies, animals, and workers.

They eventually began using math to help with taxation, trade, commerce, and even patterns in nature. The Ancient Mayans, for example, used math to help them form their ideology around Astrology. This also allowed us to create a recorded time and calendar. The oldest two documents on early mathematics are the Babylonian *Plimpton 322* & the *Egyptian Rhind Mathematical Papyrus*. The *Moscow Mathematical Papyrus* came out of this too. Each mentions the Pythagorean Theorem.

This was referenced in Pythagorean Triples. This means Pythagoraous’ math is the oldest widespread math development after basic arithmetic and geometry. Of course, Archimedes would expand Geometry and he pretty much wrote the book on Algebra. Yet it was not until Issac Newton that the world was blessed with Calculus and thus, Geometry took off to a whole new level afterward. All of this goes down as some of the world’s greatest discoveries ever!